Translations in Chinese


     Translation experts

Chinese is often considered as a single language. Actually, many regional variants exist and the supposed singleness of Chinese concerns only the written language.
As a matter of fact, from the beginning of the twentieth century, they have tried to use a written conventional common language (named "vernacular Chinese") based on an almost identical group of characters. Actually, Chinese is subdivided in various dialects which are different between them. The principal being standard Mandarin, which is the most spoken language of the world: about a billion people speak it as a first language and 180 million as a second.
Other important dialects, beside the Mandarin, are Wu, the standard Cantonese (or Yue), Min, Xiang, Hakka and Gan. Some linguists distinguish ten important dialectal groups instead of seven because they separate Jin from Mandarin, Hui from Wu and Pinghua from Cantonese. Furthermore, many other smaller groups exist and haven't been classified yet because of their short dimensions.

All in all, Chinese dialects, apart from Mandarin, are spoken as a first language by about 300 million people. In practice, about a fifth of the world’s population speaks a variant of Chinese as a native language.
As standard Mandarin, Chinese is the official language of the Popular Republic of China, of Taiwan, Singapore (with other three) and it is one of the six official languages of the UN. As standard Cantonese, Chinese is one of the official languages of Hong Kong (along with English) and Macao (along with Portuguese).

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Translations in Chinese