Translations in Croatian


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With about 6 million mother tongue speakers, Croatian, in a recent enquiry, came out as the hundredth most spoken language in the world.
Most of the speakers are obviously in Croatia, where Croatian is the official language: about 4,2 million people, which corresponds to 96% of the population.
In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatian is co-official next to Bosnian and to Serbian and it counts on about 650.000 mother tongue speakers. In Serbia it is official in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, while in Montenegro it is official in the areas where the most part of the population is Croatian.
Due to the emigration, there are large Croatian communities abroad. The largest are in the United States, Chile, Argentina, Germany, Austria and Switzerland, all with more than 100.000 Croatian emigrants or of Croatian origin.

With respect to the standard language, we can definitely affirm that Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin, are very similar from a linguistic point of view and mutually intelligible, even though not exactly the same. All these languages have developed from the Shtokavian dialect, even though the standard Croatian is also influenced by other two dialects: Chakavian and Kajkavian.
In ex-Yugoslavia, before the conflict broke out in the Balkans during the early nineties, they were all grouped in the language "Serbo-Croatian". Nevertheless, in Croatia this denomination has always had a negative connotation and has been rarely used.
After the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the ending of the linguistic agreements between Serbia and Croatia, there has been a strong insistence (mostly from the Croatian part), for the separation of the four languages.
However, it is important to underline that from the moment of the political independence of Croatia, Croatian has been widely recognised by the international community.

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Translations in Croatian