Translations in Slovak


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Slovak, in the ranking of the most spoken languages of the world, occupies the hundred and sixth position.
In Slovakia (where this language is official) it is spoken by 5 million people. Pretty large communities of native speakers lie in the United States (about 500.000 emigrants), Czech Republic (320.000 ), Hungary (110.000) and Vojvodina, a Serbian province (60.000). Smaller communities can be found in the countries bordering Slovakia, in Canada and Australia.
Before the division occurred in 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia formed a single state, Czechoslovakia. Also the language was unified (Czechoslovak) and for this reason Czech and Slovak were and still are strongly relationed, being in fact mutually comprehensibile for the adults. On the contrary, the young Slovaks experience some difficulties in understanding Czechs of their same age.

Belonging to the Slavic languages stock, there is a certain degree of comprehension also with other languages of the Balkan and Central European areas such as Polish, Slovenian, Serbian and Croatian.
As regards the dialects of Slovak, they can be subdivided in four macrogroups corresponding to many geographical areas of the country. They differ mainly in phonology, vocabulary and inflexion. On the contrary, the sintactic differences are small. Slovak of the central region is the base of the modern standard Slovak.
Differently from what could be thought, not all the dialects are mutually comprehensible. For example, it can be complicated for a citizen of Bratislava (the capital) to understand a dialect of the western region.

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Translations in Slovak